This week the field season started with a survey in Bredaryd parish in Halland. As I’ve been sitting in the office for a few months the body is not quite ready for action – every limb feels sore after a few days of hiking in the country side – still it’s great to be outdoors again.
On the way to the survey I passed the grave field Froboke and took a couple of pictures. This grave field is perhaps most known for a fascinating type of burial monuments called Iron Age dolmens, which originally was called Fröböke dolmens after this site. The grave field is located in Bredary parish, Halland, a few miles from Halmstad.
Photo at the south part of the grave filed towards north
Photo from the middle part of the gravfield towards the south part
I’ve written about Iron Age dolmens before, here and here. In short Iron Age dolmens can be found on grave fields in the south west part of Sweden; in the west part of Smaland, in Halland and in the south west part of Vastra Gotaland. They are generally dated to ca 500 B.C. – 400 A.D. and only a few have been excavated. This type of burial monuments was first described in 1876 while the road next to the grave filed was built.
The north part of the grave field
The grave field at Froboke is quite small and consists of seven visible grave monuments; three Iron Age dolmens and four erected stones. The grave field has probably been larger but have been diminished over time due to agriculture and road works in historic and modern times. Two archaeological excavations have been carried out at the grave field in 1914 and 1933 – among the finds is a glass bead, cremated bones and pieces of quartz. The “complete” Iron Age dolmen just next to the road was restored in the end of the 19th century, it’s possible that some kind of excavation was carried out then as well.
The reconstructed Iron Age dolmen
Not all that chatch my eye is of cultural historic interest, like this spider’s web.
Next week I’ll be in Växjo in Kronobergs County doing more archaeological work.
For Easter I’m going to Jonkoping to visit my parents, while I’m there I’ll visit the new exhibit at Jonkoping county museum on Jonkoping’s history.
I’m somewhat excited; Jonkoping County Museum (JLM) has done several interesting excavations on remains dating to the 17th and 18th century and will be interesting to see what those excavations have brought to the exhibit. “Downtown” Jonkoping was moved during the 17th century east of the mediaeval centre due to political factors. Jonkoping was probably established as a town during the 12th or 13th century, the oldest papers that name Jonkoping a city is dated to 1284 AD, and will probably be on display as well. Not much of the medieval Jonkoping has survived until today, at least not above ground. During later years a few excavations in the medieval part of the town has been made so there might also be some “new” finds from them. There has been two castles in Jonkoping, the first is mentioned in texts from the 13th and 14th century and the later was build ca 1600 AD. No visible remains of the castle are left, though JLM has opened a few trenches and found parts of walls etc. If I’ve understood it right part of the exhibit concerns the castle.
Once upon a time several Bronze Age cairns was about, most famous is perhaps the Sagaholm mound, as far as I know all are gone – most since the turn of the 20th century – some were excavated, as the Sagaholm mound and revealed interesting finds; among them several curbstones with carved images, no unlike the Kivik cairn.
In addition to this, I have a bag of books / reports that await me and my local book dealer also has a box or two with interesting new acquisitions. It’s a risk of my being broke before leaving Jonkoping this weekend.
The week after Easter I’ll go to Halland County and an archaeological investigation for a wind farm and then it’s off to Kronoberg County, where two preliminary archaeological investigations are to be performed. The field season is finally ongoing – spring is really here!