Tag Archives: neolitikum

Skepplanda 32; the beginning of the end

It’s been a hot couple of days with lots of sun, but all is well in Skepplanda due to lots and lots of water and some nice finds that keeps the spirits high.

In this picture at the S part of the settlement a search shaft has been made wherein we’ve found several nice flints, among them a few arrow heads and next to it in a newer search pit (not seen in this picture) we’ve found parts of a stone axe.

 Skepp32 1

In this picture is the NNW part within a part of arable land, used up until last year.

Skepp32 2

This part of the field we ploughed and then harrowed. As it has been ploughed up until now the ploughing init self does not harm the settlement, after the harrowing we’ve field walked the area and collected finds, mostly flints and measured them with a total station, from this we can see the spread of finds within the area. These finds are not in its orginal place but show general patterns. We will harrow the field three times and do field walks to get a good picture then we’ll start to excavate this area.

Best wishes

Magnus Reuterdahl


Urminne nr 7 2008

A new issue of Urminne (7/2008) is available, Urminne is a periodical concerning prehistoric and medieval issues in the Swedish provinces Småland, Öland and Östergötland. All articles are written in Swedish and it is possible to order it from Jonkoping County museum.

 urminne2008

In this issue me and colleague; Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay, have an article; Tre oväntade fynd från Ottenby Kungsgård, Öland (Three unexpected finds at Ottenby Kungsgård).

Abstract: This paper presents three somewhat unexpected finds made in connection to the excavation in 2004 of a Pitted Ware site (Neolithic) at Ottenby Royal Manor on the southernmost part of Öland, Sweden. The first find to be treated here was identified during the excavation, and consists of an Early Medieval glass bead of Hungarian origin, of a type not previously documented from the Scandinavian area. The other two finds were identified during the osteological analysis; in the material from the 2004 excavation a Gannet (Morus bassanus, formerly known as Sula bassana) was identified, being the first of this species from a prehistoric context on Öland and the forth find from the large islands in the Baltic Sea altogether. Secondly whilst analysing bones from the 1991 excavation at the site a previously unidentified human bone was identified.

Magnus Reuterdahl

The other articles are (sorry I haven’t translated ´em);

– Jörgen Gustafsson: “Paradis i inland”
– Magnus Reuterdahl & Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay: “Tre oväntade fynd från Ottenby Kungsgård, Öland”
– Michael Dahlin: “Låt gravarna berätta! Några nygamla bronsåldersgravar i södra Tjust”
– Alexandra Nylén & Åsa Jönsson: “Gripeberg. En fornborg i Smålands inland”
– Christina Helander: “Att tända den livsgnista som släckts. En tolkning av två stensättningar i Bäckseda”
– Erika Räf: “Varifrån kom järnet? Om framställning av blästjärn i Östergötland under förhistorien”
– Mikael Nordström: “Död mans dörr och järnåldersdösens gåta”
– Anna Kloo Andersson: “Hälsa och ohälsa under medeltid och efterreformatorisk tid i södra Vätterbygden. Med utgångspunkt från skeletten i Barnarps kyrka”
– Rickard Wennerberg: “Skogens svarta guld. Undersökning av kolframställningsplatser i Nifsarp utanför Eksjö”
– Leif Häggström: Om viljan att kommunicera resultat. En analys av olika aktörers publiceringsfrekvens från en småländsk horisont”


The passage tombs of Karleby

The people buried in these graves during the Stone Age lived and farmed this land for a long time, ca 4500-5000 years ago.

In Sweden we know of ca 400 passage tombs, ca 66 % of these can be found here in Falbygden. Around Karleby there are 13 passage tombs. A passage tomb has a chamber and a passage way build by blocks of stone, and other blocks are placed as a roof.

One deduction is that the passage tombs show traces of an ideological expression of collectivism as in one of the graves more than 80 individuals have been identified. During excavations done 1989-1992 archaeologists found remains of settlements. These remains are postholes, artefacts, animal bones etc. The excavations have given evidence regarding domesticated animals such as cows, sheep and pigs and what crops were cultivated, such as wheat and barley. The archaeological records also show that the settlements and burial grounds were intentionally kept apart from each other.

At this particular spot three graves are lays within 100 meter from each other,they are easy to access as they lay between the farms near the passing road, several of them has information signs.

 

This one is called Ragnvalds kulle (the hill of Ragnvald).

My next post will be on the grave field Ekornavallen.

Magnus Reuterdahl


Excavation at Ottenby Kungsgård 2004

Here are a few pictures from the excavation at Ottenby Kungsgård (the royal manor Ottenby) 2004 and of a few of the finds.

These finds are dated to the Pitted ware culture, a late neolithic hunter-gatherer culture in Scandinavia, dated to ca 3200 BC- ca 2300 BC. Most sites are found along the coasts of Svealand, Götaland, Åland, north-eastern Denmark and southern Norway. The culture has been named after the ornamentation of its pottery.

The report on the excavation is available as an pdf-file here (in Swedish).

A few pictures of the excavtaion area. As you can see the weather was great, at least some of the days.

ottenby-1.jpg

In this picture you can see the main area of the 2004 excavtions.

ottenby-2.jpg
  This area is just south of the previous, here we dug a number of test pits in an attempt to locate the outer boundaries of the settlement.

ottenby-3.jpg

This picture is taken from the south and shows the main excavation area, in the background are the stables belonging to the royal manor of Ottenby.

A few pictures of pitted ware pottery chards

ceramics-in-the-ground.jpg

chards-of-ceramics.jpg

A few pictures of seal bones

A seal femur

seal-femur.jpg

A seal tooth

Seal tooth

A seal mandible

seal-mandibula.jpg

Arcaeology is much more than just digging

cows.jpg 
Cows can be something of a nuisance as they are very curious.
digging-deep.jpg
 On the other hand sometimes one has to dig deep do to find the information one seeks, in this case ca 1,5 meter.
end.jpg
And at the end of the day the archaeologist picks his tools up and goes home.

Magnus Reuterdahl


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