Tag Archives: Bronze Age

The archaeologist who went up a church ruin but came down a cairn.

Revisiting past pastures

My father use to hunt Elk, when I was a child the hunting grounds where in Roshult (Röshult), Habo parish, Vastergotland. This is some miles west north west from Jonkoping, where I grow up. My father and some hunters used to take a caravan and live out there for a few nights during the hunt. It is very possible that the visits I did there as a child is one reason for my interest in history and prehistory.

Röshult_caravan site

Approximately 50 m straight ahead, they used to put the caravan. Then the trees were very younger and was so dense that they formed walls on each side of the way, has now much of the forest has been cleared which gives the area a brighter look.

In the area are several ancient remains, prehistoric graves, fossilized fields, ruins of farmsteads etc. and when I was young I was told several stories concerning these monuments. Some true other fairytales though they caught a young boy’s ear. There where stories about ghosts; old wagon that rolls on long-deserted roads, sighing, screams, groaning, etc. One story concerned the ruins of a church that was abandoned due to a plague during medieval times, another about local thing place or a court place, where judgment fell on local thieves and where disputes were resolved and possible paid in blood.

Röshult_odlingsrösen

This weekend I returned to Roshult to seek out some of the remains I remember from childhood. Though this time I come with the knowledge of an archaeologist and I see the remains with somewhat other eyes. I also did some research so I know what was waiting me.

First we visited the ruins of the farm Roshult abandoned in the 1950’s. The ruins are much as I remember them though the woods have grown a lot since I last visited. Still the ruins are easily spotted.

Röshult_2

Röshult_1

First we went to a square stone setting (Habo 24:1), on the way there is a cairn (Habo 23:1), registred as a remain after cultivation, though in my eyes it looks very much like a prehistoric grave cairn; judge for yourself. It is ca 10 m in diameter and ca 1 m high.

Habo_23_1

Habo_23_2

The square stone setting is situated ca 75 m northeast of the cairn and is 10 x 10 m and 0,9 m high.

Habo_24

Then we went to the thing/“court place” which in actually is a small grave field (registered as four graves Habo 21:1-4) consisting of one triangular stone setting and four stone circles. The stone circles are called domarringar (judge’s circles) in Swedish therefore the popular belief that they once where “court places”. After walking around I believe that grave field probably is larger, several of the nearby small cairns seems grave like rather than cairns from cultivation.

Treudd_Röshult_21

Treudd_Röshult_21_2

The stone circles were difficult to identify and even more difficult to photo so you’ll have to do with triangular stone setting.

A few hundred m north of the grave field is the presumed ruins of the church. As I had done my homework I knew that is was not a church ruin that awaited me but a large cairn (Habo 19:1), ca 24 m in diameter and 2 m high.

Habo_19

Habo_19_2

Habo_19_3

Something of the mystery that I experienced as a child facing by stories about these remnants has been replaced by knowledge and facts. It may sound sad to some of the magic and childhood innocence has disappeared but though the fairytales have lost some of its charm I still want to know the story and the individuals behind the remains, be it graves, fossilized fields or ruins – so my way into archaeology was curiosity of the past and that’s still very much case.

Magnus Reuterdahl

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Kinky Rockcarvings in Sweden

Kinky Rockcarvings in Sweden by Hjalmar Olsson is presented as an entirely new kind of history book, I’ve not read so I don’t know nothing about it bur who can resist such an equivoque tile. After reading about it I think history book is perhaps not the correct definition, but it seems fun.

kinkycoverfront_small

Regarding the interpretations the publishers mentions that they may not be entirely accurate, who would have guessed? But sometimes you got to let the scientific interpretation stand back in favor of a looser and crazier interpretation. And who knows in the middle of crazy is perhaps something useful.

According to the publishers it is a 64-page book with pictures of genuine rock carvings from the Bronze Age, depicting erotic scenes of all kinds.

bronzeagejohnholmes_small

(Interpretation from the book; Bronze Age John Holmes )

hooray_small

(Interpretation from the book; Hooray! I just solved my erctile disfunction!)

As they interpretation is in eye of the interpreter.

The carvings in the book are from the Tanum area in Bohuslän, Sweden, a part of UNESCO’s World Heritage List.

The pictures are downloaded press images from http://www.kinkyrockcarvings.com/

Magnus Reuterdahl


Rune stones and other scenic spots in Västergötland visited in 2005 part 2

At this trip I also visited two monumental prehistoric burial sites; Skalunda mound and Stenkullens cairn.

Skalunda hög, järnålder, västergötland

Skalunda mound is situated on a ridge in Kållands plains; it is one of largest mounds in Sweden with a diameter of 65 meters and measures 7 meters in height. It was investigated with the use of subsurface radar and an earth drill in 1994. The result gave evidence for a dating to the 8th century AD. It also showed that the mound held an inner cairn that has been over layered by several layers of turf.

Skalunda hög, järnålder, västergötland 

Next to mound is a circle of erect stones a so called domarring. These are normally dated to ca 400-550 AD in Västergötland. Unfortunately I don’t seem to have a picture of this.

Skalunda hög, järnålder, västergötland

Stenkullens cairn is most probably from the Bronze Age (ca 1800-500 BC). Today it is ca 60 meters in diameter and measures ca 7 meter in height and is one of the largest in Sweden.

Stenkullens röse, bronsålder, västergötland

It has originally been larger than this but through out time stones has been taken from the cairn of the locals. In the middle of the cairn is most probably a stone cist where one or several people have been buried. By the cairn are other prehistoric remains of among others a prehistoric settlement, a sacrificial well and a medieval farmstead.

Stenkullens röse, bronsålder, västergötland

Magnus Reuterdahl


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