Proud to be one!

A few days ago, on the 10th, the spade had given testimony for one year. During the first 365 days I’ve posted 148 posts and have had more than 12500 visits. I feel pleased with my first year with the spade. I missed my birthday with a few days but better late than never.


I use this opportunity to share some photos I haven’t shared before. One of my big interest is Ostoeology so this time around it got to be photos of bones, in this case craniums.


As I went through my digital photos I found these pictures that I took as I worked at the Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory (OFL), Stockholm University, in preparing a move from the royal castle Ulriksdal to the Wallenberg laboratory in 2005.


The photos of these craniums have been taken for different reasons. These are examples on how disease can leave traces on bone. On this skull we see what osteosarcoma, a type of malignant bone cancer, looks like.


Kranium osteosarcoma





Kranium osteosarcoma




Kranium osteosarcoma


This photo where taken as an examples of a discrete trait, in this case so called inca bones or os incae. Discrete traits are traits that often are more common among certain populations. The inca bones have been named so as they are more common amongst the Incas of South America. Inca bones are small bones that are developed within the sutures of the skull.


Kranium med inca ben, os incae

Continuing with sutures; a suture that normally closes during childhood is sutura frontalis, on the forehead, but in some cases it is visible beyond that.


barn kranium 

As you can see on this child cranium the forehead (os parielate) is divided into two pieces though the sutura frontalis has began to close.



This a an adult cranium where where one can see the sutura frontalis.


Other marks are from a trauma of diffrent kinds. In this case it is a healed injury, probably from a sword or an axe.


skadat kranium, svärd, yxa, hugg


The edges of the injury are soft and rounded, this shows that the individual has survived the injury.

In the collections, at that time, were also a few mummies. Here is one of them, today these are at the university of Uppsala.




Through the bones and other remains of prehistoric or historic humans we as archaeologist/osteologists comes very close to the individuals we work on. The skeletons hold many answers on living conditions, health and in some cases what the individual did for a living. I see it as a privilege to be able to work on such materials and to be able to find out more about what their life might have been.



Lets hope for an interesting year with lots of archaeology and osteology!


Magnus Reuterdahl

About Magnus Reuterdahl

I am an archaeologist/Osteologist from Sweden. My main intrest lays in north Euorpean archaeology in, preferbly the prehistory of the late iron age and the neolithic periods. I've also got a strong intrest for Chinese archaeology, especially the neolithc Yangshao culture. I also write about cultural heritage and cultural history. Mitt namn är Magnus Reuterdahl, jag är arkeolog och osteolog och arbetar företrädesvis i Sverige även om jag gjort ett par vändor till Kina. På den här bloggen skriver jag om mitt yrke, om fornlämningar, kulturarv och kulturhistoria m m. View all posts by Magnus Reuterdahl

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