Since I started this season time just seems to fly away. Up on till today I have been roaming around the countryside of Kronoberg County visiting ancient monuments and sites that we tried to restore last year, this work will continue till the beginning of June.
I thought that I could share some photos and thoughts about some of the monuments. I’ll start with some stone cists from the southwest of Kronoberg.
RAA (Göteryd parish) 109:1. Photo: Magnus Reuterdahl 2007
Stone cists or cist pits within stone settings and cairns are normally dated to the end of the Neolithic period or the Bronze Age. The burial custom is collective, there are often more than one person buried in the same cist. Most burials from the Neolithic period aren’t cremated while those from the Bronze Age often are, the dead has often been buried together with ceramics and artifacts of stone and/or bronze. In this area of Sweden these cists are fairly common. In the parish of Göteryd there are 87 known stone cists, only a few of them has been excavated. The excavations were made in the beginning of the 20th century so the information and knowledge of these graves is in dire need of updating. Me for one believe it is possible that the dating of theses cists may need an updated at least when found on grave fields.
RAA (Göteryd parish) 111:1. A beautiful Stone cist within a cairn, in the background of the cairn there are trees the fell in the storm Per 2007. Photo: Magnus Reuterdahl 2007
RAA (Gårdsby parish) 109:1
A beautiful stone cist a little bit north of Växjö, partly excavated and restored in 1937 by E. Floderus. Photo: Magnus Reuterdahl 2007
The only known ancient fortress in Kronobergs County is found in Gårdsby parish. The term ancient fortress is a misleading one; a better word might be a walled mountain or an enclosed mountain. There are several types of sites in Sweden called ancient fortresses; some are clearly fortresses while other seem to other functions for example for cult or for domesticated animals. In age they have been dated from the Stone Age to the Iron Age.
On this picture of RAA (Gårdsby parish)163:1 the north gate is seem from within the “fortress”.
Photo: Magnus Reuterdahl 2007
More updates on my visits will follow.
RAA = Riksantikvarieämbetet (The National Heritage Board of Sweden)